The material that your roof is made of will have a direct impact on the overall cost of the roof as well as how long it will last. Though individual taste and style play a large role in what roofing material to use, the availability of that material will also influence which type of roofing you ultimately choose. So what are different types of roofing materials that are available? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each? Let us begin…
The most common and also the cheapest, asphalt shingles are relatively durable and easy to install. They also come in a variety of different colors in order to suit different homeowners tastes. Asphalt shingles are also effective in a wide range of environments and climates. Some of the disadvantages of asphalt shingles are their shorter lifespan in comparison to other types of roofing. Asphalt shingles are also susceptible to fading and algae growth.
Recommended asphalt shingle brand: Owens Corning Duration Series
Slate roofing has many distinct advantages as a roofing material. It does not rot, is easy to maintain, fire resistant, and has a very long life expectancy (between 50-100 years). The look of a slate roof can also give your home a very unique style. But there are some potential problems associated with using slate. Slate tiles are very heavy and may require stronger support and bracing for the roof. The skill required to install a slate tile roof is also fairly advanced in comparison to other roofing materials. There can also be problems with this type of roof in climates where there is significant fluctuation in temperature. Significant variation in temperature can make the slate or tile crack, causing considerable maintenance issues.
Recommended slate brand: Certainteed Composite Slate Shingles
Metal roofing is typically more expensive then asphalt shingles, but less expensive then slate. Metal also has a long-life expectancy, usually around 40-50 years and is also fairly easy to install. Metal roofing is also easier to install then slate/tile and can withstand significant fluctuation in temperature. Metal roofing also performs well in just about every climate and is resistant to fading.
Recommended metal roof brand: Metal Sales Manufacturing Corp Classic Rib
Wood Shake or Shingles
Wood shakes or wood shingle are typically made from several different woods to included pine, redwood, cypress, and western red cedar. They are usually pressure treated and have had chemical preservatives added to them in order to prevent rot and increase resistance to fires. Wood shingles are also much more expensive then the traditional asphalt roof. Some areas may also have a ban on wood shingles due to their flammability, so check you local ordinances and laws before deciding to get them installed. Wood shingles also require considerably more maintenance then most other types of roofs
Recommended wood shingle brand: Certi-Split ® Handsplit & Resawn Shakes
If you would like to learn more about different types of roofing and considerations for each you can check out the House At Work podcast: House At Work Home Repair Clinic – Roofing Considerations