Different Types of Roofing: Which is Best For You?


The material that your roof is made of will have a direct impact on the overall cost of the roof as well as how long it will last.  Though individual taste and style play a large role in what roofing material to use, the availability of that material will also influence which type of roofing you ultimately choose.  So what are different types of roofing materials that are available?  What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?  Let us begin…


Asphalt Shingles

The most common and also the cheapest, asphalt shingles are relatively durable and easy to install.  They also come in a variety of different colors in order to suit different homeowners tastes.  Asphalt shingles are also effective in a wide range of environments and climates.  Some of the disadvantages of asphalt shingles are their shorter lifespan in comparison to other types of roofing.  Asphalt shingles are also susceptible to fading and algae growth.

Recommended asphalt shingle brand: Owens Corning Duration Series



Slate roofing has many distinct advantages as a roofing material.  It does not rot, is easy to maintain, fire resistant, and has a very long life expectancy (between 50-100 years).  The look of a slate roof can also give your home a very unique style.  But there are some potential problems associated with using slate.  Slate tiles are very heavy and may require stronger support and bracing for the roof.  The skill required to install a slate tile roof is also fairly advanced in comparison to other roofing materials.  There can also be problems with this type of roof in climates where there is significant fluctuation in temperature.  Significant variation in temperature can make the slate or tile crack, causing considerable maintenance issues.

Recommended slate brand: Certainteed Composite Slate Shingles



Metal roofing is typically more expensive then asphalt shingles, but less expensive then slate.  Metal also has a long-life expectancy, usually around 40-50 years and is also fairly easy to install.  Metal roofing is also easier to install then slate/tile and can withstand significant fluctuation in temperature.  Metal roofing also performs well in just about every climate and is resistant to fading.

Recommended metal roof brand: Metal Sales Manufacturing Corp Classic Rib


Wood Shake or Shingles

Wood shakes or wood shingle are typically made from several different woods to included pine, redwood, cypress, and western red cedar.  They are usually pressure treated and have had chemical preservatives added to them in order to prevent rot and increase resistance to fires.  Wood shingles are also much more expensive then the traditional asphalt roof.  Some areas may also have a ban on wood shingles due to their flammability, so check you local ordinances and laws before deciding to get them installed.  Wood shingles also require considerably more maintenance then most other types of roofs

Recommended wood shingle brand: Certi-Split ® Handsplit & Resawn Shakes


If you would like to learn more about different types of roofing and considerations for each you can check out the House At Work podcast: House At Work Home Repair Clinic – Roofing Considerations



The Best Vinyl Siding Brands

When you decide to install vinyl siding on your home you are making a long-term investment.  Most vinyl siding will last over 30 years or more so it is imperative that you select the right type.  With the hundreds of brands, colors, and varieties available on the market today, it can be a bit overwhelming to any homeowner who is considering installing siding.  So how do assess the quality of vinyl siding?  Here are a few characteristics of a high-quality vinyl siding:


The thickness of the siding is usually one of the best indicators of a high quality siding.  Siding that is thicker than .046” is usually considered to be premium grade vinyl siding.  Siding that is thinner then this is often cheaper and not quite as durable.

It is resistant to fading

Over the years your vinyl siding is going to get continuous abuse from the elements.  Lower grade siding is usually much more susceptible to fading.  Older siding is much more vulnerable to fading. Recently manufactured siding is less so.

It is strong

The thicker the siding, the stronger it is.  One of the main ingredients in vinyl siding is polyvinyl chloride, also known as PVC.  But not all PVC is created equal.  Many vinyl sidings on the market are made from recycled PVC or regrind materials, which are lower in quality.  Virgin PVC, meaning PVC that has never been recycled, is usually what most high quality vinyl sidings are made of.  Oftentimes, many manufacturers will also add additional additives to make it stronger.  Other considerations to take when assessing the strength of siding is whether it is insulated or not.  Insulated siding is more impact resistant then non-insulated.  Insulated siding is often more expensive and more difficult to install as well.


Many high quality vinyl sidings have a twenty-five year or longer warranty.  Anything warranties that are below this time length are typically of lower quality and cheaper.  Be sure to pay attention to what kind of warranty is included.  Most warranties include material costs, but not the cost of labor to replace it.

Top Vinyl Siding Brands

If you are considering installing vinyl siding on your home, take a look at the brands below:


vinyl siding

A producer of not only vinyl siding, but also roofing, insulation, and trim, CertainTeed is considered one of the top siding brands in the market today.  They also offer credentials to contractors who are certified in installing their products.


vinyl siding

Kaycan produces a wide variety of siding products as well as windows and soffits.  What is really neat is they have a Home Designer on their website that allows you to visualize their products on your house or other homes.


vinyl siding

A manufacturer of siding, windows, gutters/downspouts, and insulation, Alside offers some of the most comprehensive limited lifetime warranties available.



vinyl siding

Norandex is a company that is over 65 years old specializing in the manufacturing of siding (both vinyl and composite), doors, and windows.



The Best Local Hardware Stores In Upstate New York

With big box retailers in every corner of the country, local hardware stores, once an indispensable part of a community, have become harder to find.  This is especially true if you live in a larger city or in the suburbs where you will often have multiple big box retailers that are within driving distance.  The problem with the big box retailers is that they are not truly a “local” company like the corner hardware store or have the high-quality customer services that local hardware stores are typically known for.  Local hardware stores are also much more convenient to many who may not live close to big box stores and may also have many products or services that some big box stores may not provide.  These extra services can be as simple as helping you assemble the charcoal grill you just bought or renting a snow blower before a big snowstorm.  It’s always great to support local companies, so the next time you need to fix your home and need to find local hardware stores and you find yourself in the upstate New York area, start with these:

Buffalo, New York

Gersitz Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 901 Kensington Ave, Buffalo, New York 14215

Phone: (716) 832-6006


Hectors Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 1955 Clinton Street, Buffalo, New York 14206

Phone: (716) 823-1700


Valu Home Centers

local hardware stores

Address: 1841 Elmwood Avenue, Buffalo, New York 14207

Phone: (716) 873-2397


Rochester, New York

Blacks Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 610 East Ridge Road, Rochester, New York 14621

Phone: (585) 544-9896



Weiders Paint and Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 1800 Monroe Ave, Rochester, New York 14618

Phone: (585) 270-6035


Mayer Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 226 North Winton Road, Rochester, New York 14610

Phone: (585) 288-7666


Syracuse, New York

City True Value Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 214 South Geddes Street, Syracuse, New York 13204

Phone: (315) 479-9020


Bob’s True Value

local hardware stores

Address: 4805 South Salina Street, Syracuse, New York 13205

Phone: (315) 469-4065


Albany, New York

Phillips Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 235 Delaware Ave, Delmar, New York 12054

Phone: (518) 439-9943


Robinson’s Ace Hardware

local hardware stores

Address: 1874 Western Ave, Albany, New York 12203

Phone: (518) 456-7383


Young’s Ace

local hardware stores

Address: 14 Boulevard Avenue, Catskill, New York 12414

Phone: (518) 943-3505



The Best Kitchen Cabinet Brands

When selecting what type of kitchen cabinet to use, you are making a long term and often expensive decision.  The quality of those cabinets will not only an expression of your style and taste, they are also an investment in your home.  We sifted through the information of hundreds of kitchen cabinet brands to find the best quality and highest rated ones.  The top seven kitchen cabinet brands are:

#1 Smallbone

kitchen cabinet

Smallbone is a very high-end kitchen cabinet designer and creator. I say creator instead of manufacturer because these cabinets are meticulously hand crafted.  That quality comes at a price: the average cost of a Smallbone kitchen in in excess of $50,000 USD.  If money is no issue and you want view some of their selections in person, they have showrooms in Great Britain, Russia, and the United States.

#2 StyleCraft Cabinetry

kitchen cabinet

Based out of Terre Hill, Pennsylvania, StyleCraft Cabinetry manufacture custom cabinetry with some of the best craftsman in New England.  They primarily sell their kitchen cabinets on the East Coast of the United States.  They also do custom work for bathrooms, bedrooms, and dens.

#3 Aran Cucine

kitchen cabinet

Produced in Abruzzo, Italy, Aran Cucine offer kitchen cabinet styles that range from traditional to more modern.  They not only design kitchens, they also have some fabulous living rooms, tables, and chairs.  They have some pretty amazing products, but it looks like you will have to go pick up what you buy in Italy (good excuse for a vacation)!

#4 Snaidero USA

kitchen cabinet

Another Italian company, but this one is based out of Los Angeles with showrooms all across North America.  There work can be found in some of the most iconic buildings in the United States, including Trump Tower in Chicago and the MGM in Las Vegas.

#5 Artistic Cabinetry

kitchen cabinet

Based in Smithtown, New York, Artistic Cabinetry has some of the highest quality indoor and outdoor kitchen accessories.  While doing research for this list, this company was one of the few that prominently displayed examples of their outdoor kitchen cabinets that they produce, which look really nice!

#6 Wood Mode

kitchen cabinet

With showrooms all across the United States, Wood Mode Fine Custom Cabinetry will have the styling, color, and quality for practically any taste.  They have products for pretty much every room in your house, including entertainment areas and home offices.  Their well-built site also makes it very easy to browse different pictures of their products.

#7 Marsh Furniture Company

kitchen cabinet

Another great company that sells their products all over the United States.  Marsh Furniture Company is a family company based out of North Carolina that has been in business ever since 1906 so they must be doing something right!  They utilize some of the most cutting-edge machinery in the construction of their cabinets, but still hold true to many of the traditional methods of cabinetry construction.  Their cabinets have also met all the standards of quality construction set forth by the Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturers Association.

Top 10 Home DIY Podcasts

By Peter Schick

#1 Young House Love Has A Podcast

top 10 home DIY podcasts

John and Sherry of Young House Love have put together an amazing podcast.  The husband-wife duo out of Richmond, Virginia talk extensively about the projects that they have actually done, which are in excess of 3000, around the houses that they have owned.  The shear volume of projects they have done is pretty incredible!

#2 Ace On The House

top 10 home diy podcasts

This podcast will make you laugh, really hard!  Hosts They talk about pretty much everything under the sun and home improvement.  Very entertaining, one of my favorites!

#3 Fix It Home Improvement

Jacy and Cindy have a great set up!  They have shorter episodes (around 20 to 30 minutes in length), perfect for morning or evening commutes.  Each episode they discuss in detail how to fix common household repairs and projects ranging from skylights to high-efficiency toilets.  They consistently publish a new podcast every week so you will always be getting fresh info!

#4 Today’s Homeowner

top 10 home diy podcasts

Danny has a fabulous website with not only his podcast episodes, but also videos with home DIY tips, as well as a multitude of other resources to help homeowners with projects of any size.  All the content that Danny has put out has been exceptionally high quality and enjoyable to watch and listen to.  His show has been going on for over 20 years so he must be doing something right!

#5 The Money Pit

When I first heard the name of this podcast it made me think of the movie the Money Pit!  Unlike the movie, they discuss how to avoid getting into the situations that they found themselves in the movie!  Follows a similar format to many radio shows: take calls from homeowners with questions and answer them in detail.

#6 The Handyguys Podcast

Brian and Paul drop tons of knowledge in the Handyguys Podcast.  Their episodes are concise, to the point, and not saturated with commercials.  The banter between them is also pretty entertaining too!

#7 At Home With Gary Sullivan

top 10 DIY podcasts

Gary Sullivan does a fantastic job of bringing in expert guests for discussions on a wide range of topics from sump pumps, air quality, to countertop installation.  Each subject is discussed in detail and in terms that even a layman would understand, which is something most homeowners would appreciate!  He takes calls from his radio audience as well, which are also aired on his own home DIY podcast.

#8 Home Repair Tutor

top 10 home diy podcasts

Jeff Patterson out of Pittsburg puts out a solid solo hosted podcast.  He is very good at articulating and describing some of the more complex DIY problems he runs into at his rental homes.

#9 Fix It 101

top 10 home diy podcasts

Straight from Mississippi Public Broadcasting is Fix It 101 (not to be mistaken with Fix It Home Improvement).  Follows the same general theme as the podcast with a similar name, but typically longer episodes and more co-hosts.  Great detailed information with longer episodes, usually around 45 minutes.

#10 The Home Repair Clinic

top 10 home diy podcasts

Of course we have to mention this home DIY podcast as well!  The House At Work Home Repair Clinic starts Jim Salmon, a home inspector who hosts the Home Repair Clinic on WHAM 1180 in Rochester, NY, and Peter Schick, a local real estate salesman.







Consider these factors when installing a new door

Every homeowner knows that the front door is one of the most important parts of the home. After all, it is the main point of entry and exit. This is why it needs to be strong enough to keep intruders out. In addition to the strength of the door, there are other factors you should consider when installing a door:

Look for a strong lock
A door is simply incomplete without a good strong lock. Look for a lock that is strong enough to make you and your family feel safe. Apart from lock strength, also look for a good quality lock. It should be of very high-quality with great durability and reliability. If you are planning to install a stylish door, look for a lock that adds beauty. Remember to perfectly match the lock with the door prior to purchasing it.

Prefer the best latch alignment 
Look for a latch that will grip the door perfectly. It is there so that when you open and close the door it will be a smooth transition. That’s why it’s important to buy a high-quality latch because you don’t want to end up changing the latches frequently.

Take care of door maintenance 
Some doors, especially wooden ones, need special maintenance. So, it’s better to choose a door that requires minimal maintenance. Consider choosing a metal door over others.

Ensure the aesthetic look of your home
Make sure the door enhances the beauty of your house. If the door color and size perfectly match the exterior and interior of your house, it will work best. Otherwise, it might create an awkward look.

If you are looking for highly skilled and pre-screened contractors for door installation or repair services in New York, House at Work is the best place to visit. Just add the details of your project and soon you will be flooded with a variety of contractors. For more details, please visit the website https://www.houseatwork.com/.

These easy decorating ideas can give your home a makeover

Moving into a new home is a very exciting time. You just need to put in some effort to turn the empty shell of your house into an amazing home. Here are some tips for giving your new home a unique makeover:

Start with your bedroom

If you are on a tight budget, just purchase new bedding that you can afford. If you are able to spend more, paint the bedroom walls to complement your new bedding. You may also want to install better windows. If you can be extravagant, you can make your bedroom look awesome. Choose everything carefully because these items will  reflect your personality.

Give your furniture some breathing room 

For a spacious room, avoid overcrowding it. This is the best option, especially when you are running out of cash. You really don’t need to worry about filling your room with furniture. You can also look for better quality furniture to make your room look better.

Choose the right height for artwork

Choose the appropriate height to hang artwork. If you are unable to determine this, take a picture. Use photo shop to draw on the picture. By doing this, you can get a better idea about the height of the artwork and whether you need a smaller or larger piece of art.

Add more layers of lighting 

You can make your kitchen look better by adding more lighting. Layers of lighting are generally added to create more interest and variety.These tips will help you transform your house into your dream home. If you need some help, you will find highly skilled, professional contractors. If you need a pro for a variety of home improvement services, visit House at Work. Just post the details about your project and soon you will be flooded with accredited contractors. Then, just choose one that suits you best. For more details, visit the website https://www.houseatwork.com/.


Ep 12: Home Heating Considerations

House At Work Home Repair Clinic

In this episode, Jim and Peter discuss different furnaces and heating mechanisms available for homes as well as considerations for each.

Do you have a home improvement question? Email us at [email protected] and we will do our best to get it answered for you! Do you need help with a home improvement project and live in the upstate New York region? Go to www.houseatwork.com and click “Find Contractors“.

Jim Salmon:                      Hi everybody and welcome to the HouseatWork.com Home Repair Clinic podcast. My name is Jim Salmon and you are at the home improvement capital of the world with yours truly and Peter Schick.

Peter Schick :                    Peter Schick.

Jim Salmon:                      How are you?

Peter Schick :                    Good, good.

Jim Salmon:                      These podcasts are becoming a lot of fun.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I like them.

Jim Salmon:                      I mean, I’m really looking forward to this.

Peter Schick :                    I like them. Yeah, you know, just kind of chew the cut on things, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      You know, well, I hate to say it but again, winter’s right around the corner …

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, it is.

Jim Salmon:                      … And everybody in our part of the world, the northeast, needs some kind of heat in their house.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, you do.

Jim Salmon:                      Now there’s all kinds. There’s oil, propane, natural gas, corn, pellet, wood, outdoor boilers, electric.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      We thought we’d go down the list and talk about some of the good points and some of the horrible points about all of those things.

Peter Schick :                    Yes we can. Let’s do it.

Jim Salmon:                      The most efficient way to heat your house is electricity. It’s 100% efficient. A watt is a watt. It goes in at a watt and it comes out at a watt.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, we talked about that with water heaters earlier.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah.

Peter Schick :                    We were discussing, “Okay, you have your gas water heaters, then you have your electric water heaters,” and I remember hearing this rumor or whatever, urban myth of, “The electric is not as efficient,” but it actually is.

Jim Salmon:                      It is.

Peter Schick :                    [crosstalk 00:01:29].

Jim Salmon:                      The problem is the price per kilowatt hour. The price for the power itself and then the distribution cost. How do you get it because that’s so convoluted in the world, in the country that, “Who owns that line? Who owns this pole? And whatever,” and you’re paying this one and that one and it’s just a mess.

Peter Schick :                    Electric heat from what I understand is also very expensive.

Jim Salmon:                      Gargantuanly expensive.

Peter Schick :                    Yes, so it may be more efficient but it takes a lot of it to actually heat a home.

Jim Salmon:                      Now this podcast listened to all over the world actually and in parts of the world and in parts of our country, electricity is a fraction of the cost of what it is here. It may not apply to you. I mean if you’re paying one or two cents a kilowatt hour, that’s a win all day long.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, that’s very true. That’s very true and so that’s definitely, that’s a local consideration.

Jim Salmon:                      Right.

Peter Schick :                    Like we had discussed before, where like Fairport has their own electric, which Fairport is a suburb, well, it’s an outlying village around Rochester, New York. They have different electrical service there, which I understand is cheaper for the most part.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, they go on, they buy their own power so they broker it and they fix their own lines and whatever so as a of right now, it’s a deal.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, so that may not necessarily, in some areas it’s going to be cheaper but in other areas, it’s going to be more expensive. It’s just one of those things you need to know based off of your locality.

Jim Salmon:                      The bottom line with heating with electricity, depending on where you live, it can be pretty expensive to heat your house with that so generally around here, we try to upgrade away from electricity. The only drawback to it is well, when the power goes out, you have no heat.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, exactly.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s true for most heating systems except for a wood-burning fireplace or whatever.

Peter Schick :                    Yes, and it’s interesting because we keep going back to the wind storm we had back in March when power was out, winter storm was coming and I mean, I was one of the lucky ones. You were really lucky because you had a generator, so you’re sitting there all warm like, “Oh yeah, that really sucks for all you guys.”

Jim Salmon:                      Sorry Peter.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, but unlike you, I didn’t have a generator and our power was out and that big storm was coming but we still had hot water but we had propane. We had like kind of like a propane heater for emergencies. I ended up getting one of those kerosene ones.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, we had those. Those are great.

Peter Schick :                    Yep, and never had to use it because the power turned on right at the, right before the storm hit so thank you RG&E for making that happen.

Jim Salmon:                      Back in the old days when the kids were little, we would fire up our kerosene and turn the lights out and sit around it and hang out with the kids or whatever, just because we couldn’t afford anything else so it was all good.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Electricity, expensive but easy, very inexpensive to buy. Baseboard electric heating is, you know, once in a while people have a little room that doesn’t get enough and they stick an extra one in there.

Peter Schick :                    In terms of maintenance for that baseboard, there isn’t that much maintenance that goes with that.

Jim Salmon:                      No, the only thing is maybe a Shopvac-ing out of lint and dirt, especially if you have pets and stuff.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, you would need to clean it, obviously there’s some sort of maintenance.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s very zero maintenance. Even an electric four-stair furnace, which has a couple elements and it heats your house that way is very low maintenance.

Peter Schick :                    Okay, because I always thought if I had a place where if I was going to need it heated, and I was like we had talked about it in a previous episode, “Hey, you’re not going to live there all the time or you’re going to somewhere else for winter.” If I was going to have a place that was going to be heated by something, I was thinking electric baseboard because it’s just, there aren’t so many move in parts like there are with a boiler or with a furnace or with anything else. It’s just turn it on, leave it at this setting and walk out the door as long as you have consistent power to it, you should be good to go.

Jim Salmon:                      Except for paying for it, it’s a win.

Peter Schick :                    Yep, exactly.

Jim Salmon:                      Moving on to oil. When I was young lad back in the 50s and 60s, pretty much everybody had oil around here.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      I mean there was that, there was central gas.

Peter Schick :                    You still see a lot of houses with the oil tanks still in the basement.

Jim Salmon:                      Oh, absolutely. Number two fuel oil is the same as what runs a semi across the road, a tractor trailer or if you have a Dura Mack diesel pick up truck.

Peter Schick :                    Like diesel?

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, it’s the same fuel.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, interesting.

Jim Salmon:                      Same exact stuff. What they do is they color it. I think-

Peter Schick :                    Is it red?

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I think there’s a red dye.

Jim Salmon:                      Because there’s-

Peter Schick :                    I think they do that with kerosene too. I think they have a different colored kerosene as well.

Jim Salmon:                      Exactly.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Now there’s a road tax that’s put on diesel fuel when you’re putting it in the truck and whatever and driving on the road and then there’s number two fuel oil, which is heating oil, which is the same stuff but without the road tax.

Peter Schick :                    It’s used for, yeah, exactly.

Jim Salmon:                      Actually, I have a friend who I don’t respect a lot but he pumps fuel oil out of his fuel tank into his Dura Mack diesel. Of course, that’s against the law and don’t please, if you’re listening to this in New Orleans and you’re FBI, don’t call me. I’m not going to tell you who it is.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Number two fuel oil, mostly fuel oil tanks are in the basement.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Once in a while, I’ll get to maybe a mobile home or a house that’s a hybrid and they added onto it or whatever, where the tank is outside. If your fuel tank is outside, you need a winter and a summer mix. In other words, they’ll cut your fuel oil with a certain percentage of kerosene when it’s stored outside.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, so it doesn’t freeze at a higher temperature.

Jim Salmon:                      It would gel, and it just wouldn’t work under a certain temperature. Kerosene cuts it and makes it thinner and now you lose a little bit of efficiency on that if you have an oil-fired furnace but back in the day, the oil bills were $5 a month or whatever. You get a delivery, you get a whole tank for $40. When it was up to $4 a gallon or $5 a gallon, it was not unusual for it to be $900, $1,200 to fill an oil tank.

Peter Schick :                    Do they even make oil furnaces anymore?

Jim Salmon:                      Oh yeah.

Peter Schick :                    All the oil furnaces I’ve ever seen have been in much older homes.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, those are the old Sunbeams, the big old green whatever.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, they’re these big monstrosities and they’re like, “Well, it’s still kicking, and if it ain’t broke, don’t fit it,” kind of deal, and it’s still kicking.

Jim Salmon:                      Oil-fired furnaces are still made, they’re pricey. They really are because the technology is so much better with them now.

Peter Schick :                    What would be the advantage to having that? I could understand maybe if I’m living out in the sticks or something, I don’t have a gas line or whatever, I just go get oil, I out it there, whatever. I could understand that.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s right.

Peter Schick :                    That’s the main-

Jim Salmon:                      That’s it.

Peter Schick :                    Okay.

Jim Salmon:                      I mean, you have two choices then if you’re not on natural gas.

Peter Schick :                    Because I’ve seen it in farms. That’s where I’ve seen it the most. There is a client I had who owned a farm and they’re buying a new home, I was representing them on the buy but I kind of walked through their home with them because they were selling their, they were looking to sell it. They had the big monstrosity oil furnace and God, I think it was over 30 years old. This thing was really old.

Jim Salmon:                      What happens with that is, a furnace like that is going to be a gallon, gallon and a half an hour nozzle on the end and most people don’t understand how oil furnaces work but there’s a pump and it takes the oil and it pumps it through a little tube, which goes into a nozzle and out of that nozzle comes spray oil like hairspray, out of a can of hairspray.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, and there’s something that ignites it then, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Right, there’s two electrodes there and then it sparks, there’s a CAD cell with 12,000 volts and it lights off the end of it and it’s like a giant blow torch. Then each one is tailored to the furnace because there’s difference in patterns and widths of the pattern of oil flow, so it’s somewhat complicated. It’s very dependent on cleaning and maintenance. Oil is more cleaning and maintenance dependent than any other type of heating.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, I could believe it. Especially because when you see with a regular four-stair or you see it with a boiler, those have to get ignited and well, it’s operating on gas obviously, to have an ignition system similar to that but there’s still maintenance with that. I could imagine with an oil one, it’s exponentially more maintenance with it.

Jim Salmon:                      There’s a, on every oil furnace right on top of the CAD cell near the burner, you take the door off, there’s a red button.

Peter Schick :                    Yep, that’s the starter.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s the reset button.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      When your oil furnace hasn’t been maintained well and the end of the nozzle is all clogged up so it’s kind of like peeing off to left instead of going straight out, doesn’t ignite right or whatever, once in a while they have a gulp and it doesn’t ignite when you call for heat.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      It’ll go off on reset and as a home inspector, I’ll come into a house sometimes and where the homeowner is selling the house and there’s only a little bit of oil left in the tank, the filters haven’t been changed or whatever, it’s all dirty in there so this thing’s misbehaving. They keep hitting that reset button over and over and over again and what happens every time you hit the reset button is it pumps oil into the burner chamber, so then somebody like me comes around and figures out how to actually get it ignited and all of a sudden kaboom, the whole thing is just a massive amount of smoke coming out of it. It’s a mess.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, because that makes me think like with a boiler system, you have your pilot light and one of the things I’ve always seen with the boilers is the pilot light just stops working. Now you have to replace that pilot light and actually, a lot of the times it doesn’t even need to really be replaced, I mean it just has the soot on it. You just clean it off.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, it’s a mess, yeah.

Peter Schick :                    It’s the simplest thing. It’s usually the simplest thing, but with the oil piece, you have that all over the place so when it does ignite …

Jim Salmon:                      Boom.

Peter Schick :                    … Boom. There you go. It’s not like the gas that just dissipates, you know?

Jim Salmon:                      You need to go a nozzle every year, a new nozzle. It has to be the right nozzle too, they’re all different. Width of the pattern and the size of the nozzle. You need to adjust the electrodes and make sure, there’s a little plastic tool you put over the end of your nozzle and it tells you-

Peter Schick :                    I’m glad you could talk intelligently about these oil furnaces because I know nothing, next to nothing about them.

Jim Salmon:                      I had oil in the house, a 150 year old farm house that I bought in 1988 and I used it for the first couple of years. Took it apart, did my own nozzles and electrode because I’m fairly handy and then on like the fourth year, I don’t know, it was probably the first of September, I went up to it and the burner fell right off. The bolts rusted right off of it. It fell right off in my hand.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, wow.

Jim Salmon:                      I thought, “Well, we’re done with this one.” Then I went to propane but oil equipment, there’s two aspects of it that can kill you too, and that’s not changing the filter. There’s a filter module right at the oil tank and it looks just like a car filter and if you don’t change that periodically, it’s like anything else, all of a sudden, now the first goes down the line, clogs up the nozzle more. One of the things that happens to the oil equipment, the oil tank legs rust because every basement is wet.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah, the moisture down there, yep. I usually see them on stands.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah.

Peter Schick :                    I usually see like puts it on top of bricks. That’s how I usually see it. I don’t even see those oil tanks in the basement of houses, even if it’s not run on oil, somebody was just like, “Well, when they built it, it was just stuck there.” They didn’t want to have to like cut it half and bring it out, so they said, “Ah, screw it. We’re just going to leave it down there.”

Jim Salmon:                      On my website at JimSalmon.com by the way, I might as well get that in, is a picture somewhere in there of an oil tank just hanging by the filler valves. Can you imagine that a lot of times, people will take oil equipment out and replace it either with natural gas if it gets run down your street or propane, but they’ll leave the old oil tank and the filler valves there so the Agway guy is driving around and he thinks he’s at number 29 Smith Street and he’s really at number 30 Smith Street and he starts pumping oil into your thing and next thing you know, it’s all over your basement floor.

If you have old oil equipment that has been decommissioned, get rid of the tank and the filler valve. I’ve got pictures on my website of the tank hanging by, the legs are completely gone.

Peter Schick :                    I’ve always seen it where you wanted to get it out, a lot of the times, like I said, you got to cut it in half because it’s not going to fit through the door. I think that’s one of the big challenges a lot of home owners run into is actually just physically, getting something that large out of the basement and that’s the big challenge I’ve always seen homeowners run into.

Jim Salmon:                      Right now the price of number two fuel oil is probably, I don’t know, what, 2.25 something like that. Maybe even less than that so it’s a deal right now and it’s well worth doing. It’s a viable heat, it’s been used for 100 years. The drawbacks are that if things go to $4 a gallon, it’s tied to the price of oil and it’s oil so that’s an issue and there’s more maintenance to it.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, there is.

Jim Salmon:                      Properly maintained oil heating equipment, you should never smell that smell of fuel oil or burning fuel. It’s much more complicated to calibrate and adjust those furnaces.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      You really need somebody who knows what they’re doing with that. One other comment I’d say-

Peter Schick :                    You just love your oil furnaces.

Jim Salmon:                      In the old days, there was, it just blasted it out and it was what it was, okay, BTUs. Probably, I don’t know, 15-20 years ago, they invented what’s called a flame-retention burner. It was an oil burner that actually was more of a blow torch. It sent the oil out in like a swirl pattern, so it got more BTU out of it somehow or another from an engineering standpoint. Flame retention burners are much more expensive. They require a little bit more maintenance but you get a little more efficiency.

Peter Schick :                    More efficiency.

Jim Salmon:                      There was back in the day, and I’d be remiss if I didn’t say this and I promise we’re done with oil here …

Peter Schick :                    You promise.

Jim Salmon:                      … There was a high efficiency oil furnace that vented with plastic. I don’t know that there is one now on the market that works. I don’t know the answer to that, there may be by now but I had one and it’s called a Yukon high efficiency oil burning furnace.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      It was a piece of junk. It never worked. It was inconsistent in its operation. Unable to be depended on. It was a massive failure.

Peter Schick :                    Really?

Jim Salmon:                      If you go into a parts house or you talk to an older heating guy that was back there during the late 70s and 80s and you mentioned Yukon high efficiency oil equipment, he laughed-

Peter Schick :                    Be like, “Oh, I don’t even want to deal with it,” yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, so anyway, oil is viable in a lot of parts of the country. Moving on to propane. Those of you that live out in the country where you don’t have natural gas service-

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, the big propane tanks, yep.

Jim Salmon:                      I have two of those on my property, they’re both 500-gallon tanks. One I buried because it’s over in an area where the patio is and all that, I don’t want to look at it. You buy a different type of tank. It’s a double-walled tank.

Peter Schick :                    How long does that typically last, because I see those and I wonder like how much time, like if I got that filled up or if I got a new one, how long is that going to last for your house of, how much square footage typically?

Jim Salmon:                      The house is about 2,000 square feet. It’s not a huge house but in that house is the Tree of Life gas fireplace in the sunroom.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, so you got that, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      There’s the propane furnace.

Peter Schick :                    Got your pellet stove.

Jim Salmon:                      Propane water heater.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Cooking stove. Regular is propane. The full automatic standby generator is propane. I think that’s about it.

Peter Schick :                    You have a lot of things running.

Jim Salmon:                      A lot of things on it so when they top it off. They’ll usually top it off probably around the first of September.

Peter Schick :                    Mm-hmm (affirmative).

Jim Salmon:                      It’s 500 gallons to start. They’ll be back in February and top it off again and I usually use between the heating season starting and first of February, probably 250-275 gallons.

Peter Schick :                    Wow, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      The only drawback is it just doesn’t come to the house by itself like natural gas.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, exactly.

Jim Salmon:                      Which I wish-

Peter Schick :                    It’s just the pipe and then boom, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      I float it out to various propane companies every year because I don’t all of a sudden want, just because I’ve been loyal to a guy for years-

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, they’re going to start jacking up the price.

Jim Salmon:                      Next thing you know, it’s $4 a gallon but propane went nuts four years ago, five years ago, all of a sudden went crazy.

Peter Schick :                    Why’s that?

Jim Salmon:                      It was a long complicated story but it had to do with where propane’s manufactured and the trucks it was on and the trucks were stuck in a storm and next thing you know, the whole country was, it was one of those rolling perfect storms that wound up being propane $4 a gallon.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I could see so like the distribution method of the propane got held up and then there’s kind of a cascading effect across the country and that messed with prices. I see what you’re saying.

Jim Salmon:                      Propane equipment is very low maintenance. Here’s a difference between natural gas and propane. Propane-

Peter Schick :                    I’m glad you’re getting into that because I was going to say yeah, I think some of our listeners want to hear that.

Jim Salmon:                      Propane is heavier than air so propane will settle to the bottom. Okay, so you have to be careful with that. I mean you have to know what you’re doing. You don’t want any leaks. I do my own water heater installations and furnace installs and so forth but you have to make sure that, propane’s different than natural gas. Natural gas is heavier than air so it’ll wind up up in the floor joice where propane drops down. Anything drops down is closer to the pilot lights.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, there’s some safety considerations.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, but either one of those, natural gas or propane are available in modern four-stair furnaces, which can be 85, 92, 95, 97% efficient.

Peter Schick :                    Well, how much of a difference is there between a regular natural gas four-stair and a propane? Is there a lot of retro-fitting if I wanted to turn it to propane?

Jim Salmon:                      No.

Peter Schick :                    Okay.

Jim Salmon:                      Some you can’t. Some are made natural gas, some are made propane.

Peter Schick :                    I see.

Jim Salmon:                      The higher end furnaces generally, all it is is a nozzle change. The nozzles, I think I’m right on this. The nozzles for propane are bigger than the nozzles for natural gas. It’s a different size. If you were to put propane into a natural gas furnace, you’d burn down your house. It’s got to be done right. It’s got to be done competently. Same thing with a cooking stove. The cooking stove we have is propane but it came natural gas so we had to take those nozzles out and put in the other ones.

Peter Schick :                    Okay, so it’s really, yeah, there is some considerable differences between them and maybe a layman may not necessarily know, maybe a layman homeowner may not necessarily know the difference between propane and natural gas and they just kind of equate the two.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s a big-

Peter Schick :                    I’ve heard those used interchangeably with homeowners since that’s the main reason I ask that.

Jim Salmon:                      There’s a big dumb unfortunate mistake that you could make to put a natural gas water heater in a propane house or vice versa.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      If you’re not comfortable knowing the difference, hire it done.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, exactly.

Jim Salmon:                      Either one of those furnaces, I mean that high efficiency four-stair furnaces of today, propane and natural gas are crazy cool. Especially, you have like my house is an old farm house, it’s been added onto in 20 different rooms and angles and so forth, so the distribution of heat and cool was either feast or famine. You were froze over here, you were too hot over there. With these modern furnaces, they’re two-stage, which means slow and faster variable speed, which is like a furnace with a gas pedal, so it pushes the air. There’s also an outside monitor that says, “Okay, the temperature outside is ‘X’, I need to get to this, so we’re going to move it through-”

Peter Schick :                    Oh, it’s going to readjust it.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s so smart.

Peter Schick :                    That’s awesome.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s so smart.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, we still have old school boiler system in our house.

Jim Salmon:                      Do you? Okay.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, so that, it’s not well-distributed I’ll say. With how you talk about it, it’s all this technology and everything, we got this old school boiler.

Jim Salmon:                      Right.

Peter Schick :                    I mean, it’s not very well-distributed.

Jim Salmon:                      How old is it?

Peter Schick :                    It’s around 20 years old.

Jim Salmon:                      Okay. You know what brand it is off hand?

Peter Schick :                    Ah geez, what was it?

Jim Salmon:                      What color is it?

Peter Schick :                    It’s like, I think it’s Carrier. No, it’s not Carrier.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, it could be.

Peter Schick :                    No, I’m thinking about another house I was just looking at today. I don’t know why this is escaping me right now.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, I just wondered because brand has a lot to do with boilers. Crown boilers are good, Buderus boilers are good, Weil Mclain boilers are great. Some of the older boilers have been around since the 20s and they still work.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      The problem is the efficiency.

Peter Schick :                    Mm-hmm (affirmative).

Jim Salmon:                      Back then, who cared? You paid your $4 a month and the heat came in and they melted the snow off the roof and who cared, right?

Peter Schick :                    There you go.

Jim Salmon:                      We’re not on that anymore.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      I mean that’s real important. Modern boilers are capable of so much. Boiler mates, which allow you to heat your hot water on your boiler for showers and cooking and so forth.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I’ve heard of those, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Then there’s boilers that are go into warm floor technology.

Peter Schick :                    Oh really?

Jim Salmon:                      I’m 62 and I have warm floor technology in my sunroom and in one of the bathrooms.

Peter Schick :                    Wait, how does that work if you don’t have a boiler system, if you have a four-stair?

Jim Salmon:                      Well, those are electric but you can get it hydronically too.

Peter Schick :                    Okay. That’s pretty cool.

Jim Salmon:                      What happens is you set the floor for 85 degrees, it comes on at maybe five in the morning, heats the floor in the bathroom up to 85 degrees, then back down at nine after you’ve gone to work and it’s something about an 85-degree ceramic tile that just puts a smile on your face.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah. Yeah, so you’re not putting it on cold tile.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah.

Peter Schick :                    No, that is actually really cool. That’s really cool.

Jim Salmon:                      Then there’s the whole outdoor boiler thing. You know those little green and brown and black little sheds you see out the back with the chimney sticking out of them?

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Those are outdoor boilers. People put all kinds of stuff in there. Firewood, and pallets and tree stumps and whatever and that allows you to heat your house. There’s a forced air component of that or hydronic hot water boiler.

Peter Schick :                    Interesting.

Jim Salmon:                      They’re great.

Peter Schick :                    You know a lot about this. I didn’t even know about this outdoor, because I’ve been living in the city here and so I usually see boiler forced air, boiler forced air, what’s that?

Jim Salmon:                      I’m surprised you haven’t been killed yet. No, I’m just teasing.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Fort Apache to Rochester.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, really.

Jim Salmon:                      You know, [inaudible 00:25:13] boilers are really cool. You’ll see them a lot on farms and whatever and people, and generally you wouldn’t see them in a suburb because there’s a smoke component and most municipalities now have rules for outdoor boilers. I was the chairman of my planning board in the town where I lived for four or five years and just as I was getting ready to leave that, there was a whole bunch of disagreement about outdoor boilers and the smoke that gets put near the ground into villages and people don’t like that. Most municipalities have rules now where the chimneys have to go up.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, it’s a Bryant.

Jim Salmon:                      Okay.

Peter Schick :                    That was the one. Yeah, that’s the one because I was trying to remember the brand and I’m like, “Oh, what was it,” because I was thinking about the Carrier because that was another place that, because that was the place I was talking about the flip I was doing.

Jim Salmon:                      Oh, okay.

Peter Schick :                    We have four-stair and that, so that just popped into my mind, it’s a Bryant. I knew I was going to-

Jim Salmon:                      Bryant boilers are a, I think those are made actually by Crown. I might be wrong with that but Bryant boilers are good. They’re good equipment. It needs to be serviced every year just like anything else should be.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, we have that. Like I said, that’s the one where I usually have that issue with the pilot flame on it. That usually has to be taken care of.

Jim Salmon:                      I’m a big proponent of hot water boiler system antifreeze. I have a good friend of mine, well, he’s not a good friend, I can’t stand him, but he’s a whiner type guy and whenever something goes wrong in his house, I’m the first guy he calls. He said, “Well, water’s leaking all over my ceiling because one of my hot water zones froze.” Well, it was zero out, the wind was blowing 30 miles an hour and it got into that area where it was and it froze the pipe where the heat wasn’t on. $100 worth of boiler additive when your guy does your heating and cooling, or your boiler service in the fall makes a world of difference in my opinion.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I don’t see why you wouldn’t do that. We had that done. I mean I don’t see why you wouldn’t because that’s the last thing I want blowing up to be quite honest in the middle of winter.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, exactly. We’ve talked about electric, we’ve talked about outdoor boilers, indoor boilers, oil, propane, natural gas, whatever. With the exception of electric, all of the other types of fuel that you could use to heat your house, absolutely most positively need yearly cleaning and maintenance. Otherwise, you’re asking for no [crosstalk 00:28:00].

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, it’s going to compound. I’ve seen that with places where they, some people are very good with it, other people are not and you’re just asking for problems if you don’t have, I know a lot of HVAC companies that actually, they say, “Hey, for this yearly, you’ll get this yearly maintenance if you sign up for five years.” There you go. You don’t even have to think about it. They’ll just come, they’ll do it, boom. Out of your hair.

Jim Salmon:                      What I tell all my home inspection clients, “When you get in this house, search out and find a heating contractor in your area that you’ve done research on, has a good reputation and get some pricing on what it costs to come and clean and maintain and what if you have an emergency?” Sometimes you can pay three times what a normal cleaning and maintenance would be but that also includes any kind of middle of the night emergency services time, you know?

Peter Schick :                    There’s this one HVAC company, not going to say any names. They came and they do the maintenance on our boilers and he always tries to pitch me these different-

Jim Salmon:                      Something.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, tries to pitch me the, “Oh yeah, get the gold maintenance plan that goes for like 10 years and we do all these extra things.” I’m like, “Look, I’m happy with what I have…”

Jim Salmon:                      Just clean the thing.

Peter Schick :                    … “Just clean the thing. I just want this. I know you’re just trying to make it. You’re hustling doing your thing, I get it, you need to make money but dude, I just want it cleaned. Like I don’t need your big gold plan. I’m just good with bronze or whatever it is that I already have.”

Jim Salmon:                      Then to finish off the heating segment here on this podcast, there’s the goofy heating. There’s the corn.

Peter Schick :                    Corn.

Jim Salmon:                      Corn stoves are pretty popular with the farmers that actually grow and dry corn. It has to be dry.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, so you have the cobs that have all the corn that’s off of them, you can just throw it in there.

Jim Salmon:                      Right. Well, it has to be dried to a certain degree.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s like if you’ve ever seen cow corn, it’s very hard.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, the feed corn is a lot different than the sweet corn, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      I think it has to be dried down to about 15%, which is darn dry.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, so that’s bone dry.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, almost bone dry. Some of the pellet stoves also an do corn and then there’s of course the pellet stoves, which we’ve talked about ad nauseum in that last-

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, we talked about them previous, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      We hate their guts.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Then there’s wood. Most wood-burning fireplaces, you don’t get much efficiency out of. If you have a wood-burning, wood stove insert, that’s another whole animal. Those things are extremely effective.

Peter Schick :                    Well, yeah, that’s capturing all of the heat from the fire. If it is a wood-burning stove, that thing’s all iron, it’s getting all the heat that that fire’s creating and it gets really warm with those. I mean I’ve been to houses with those and it heats up very fast and it almost gets too hot when it gets going from what I’ve seen.

Jim Salmon:                      Too hot is good when it’s zero out.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, I think we pretty well exhausted our discussion on heat.

Peter Schick :                    I think we have. I have learned so much about oil furnaces.

Jim Salmon:                      Oil’s fun.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I’ve learned so much about that today, Jim.

Jim Salmon:                      Here’s what you need to know about oil, don’t bother buying it ever.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Peter’s going to tell you how to send us an email if you’d like to suggest a particular podcast or send us an email with a specific question we could help you with.

Peter Schick :                    Send it to [email protected]

Jim Salmon:                      Boy, that was simple.

Peter Schick :                    There we go.

Jim Salmon:                      All right, folks, thanks for putting up with us today. We appreciate it and we’ll be back on the other side with another HouseAtWork.com Home Repair Clinic podcast.

Ep 11: Getting Ready for Fall and Winter

House At Work Home Repair Clinic

In episode 11, Jim and Peter discuss the different types of maintenance homeowners should undertake in order to get their homes ready for fall and winter.

Do you have a home improvement question? Email us at [email protected] and we will do our best to get it answered for you! Do you need help with a home improvement project and live in the upstate New York region? Go to www.houseatwork.com and click “Find Contractors“.

Jim Salmon:                      Hello everybody, and welcome to the home improvement capital of the world, the Houseatwork.com Home Repair Clinic Podcast. My name is Jim Salmon along with the great Peter Schick. How are you?

Peter Schick :                    Fantastic.

Jim Salmon:                      You know what?

Peter Schick :                    Fantastic.

Jim Salmon:                      Winter is right around the corner.

Peter Schick :                    I hate hearing that.

Jim Salmon:                      Don’t hit me. Don’t hit me.

Peter Schick :                    ‘Cause it’s just getting towards the end of summer right now, and it’s … Right after Labor Day, it’s officially the start of fall. Unofficially, excuse me, and it’s just kind of a downer, especially for us who live so far north, ’cause it’s like, “Oh yeah, here comes the eight month winter.”

Jim Salmon:                      Well I like fall. Fall’s fun, but as a home repair guy, home inspector guy, and you as a real estate person, we all understand the importance of getting your house ready. All of a sudden, if it’s really cold out and the windows are open and all the other stuff you haven’t done … Cost you money to heat your house.

We thought we’d go through some of the winterizing type things that you should do.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, ’cause there’s a lot of things I actually notice is, once you start having the change of the season, this is when people start noticing, “Oh, my furnace isn’t working. Oh, I’m having these issues. Oh, I feel this draft of cold air because my windows aren’t closing completely, or there’s some other issue,” and I think that’s just one of those things that you could easily cut it off at the pass if you know what it is, and thought we should just go over it.

Jim Salmon:                      People are nuts. They’re nitwits, they’re dopes, they’re idiots sometimes, because you’re just pumping heat outside. There are many maintenance checklists that you can follow, and it all starts on the outside of the house, gutter cleaning and maintenance, make sure everything’s free flowing, windows, especially if you have older wood windows, [inaudible 00:02:00], glazing, and …

A lot of times window, the latches don’t work very well so you can’t really get the window nice and tightly closed.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, exactly, so it doesn’t really matter how well, if it’s multi-panes window or whatever, how well it insulates if it doesn’t close correctly or doesn’t have a good seal, and I think that’s one of those things that you have to take into consideration.

Jim Salmon:                      One of the things too, is that below 32 degrees, things freeze, and especially if you have an outside [inaudible 00:02:30] faucet, many of those now, all the modern ones of course, in the last probably 20 years, have been frost-proof type, but if you have an old one, it’s going to freeze if you don’t shut it off, so you have to deal with that. They make these little cover things …

I never quite was on board with how that all worked, ’cause it’s still zero out, and whatever, but … You have to pay close attention to that.

When you leave your hose attached to the outside faucet, it can’t drain properly, and it freezes and it ruins everything. It just splits the faucet. So never leave your garden hoses attached year round. Of course, unless you’re in Florida, maybe.

Peter Schick :                    Maybe down there you could get away with it.

Jim Salmon:                      Or if you’re listening to the show in Japan, whatever.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Another thing I noticed, especially with the changing of the seasons, is you start seeing the mice and everything. They wanna find a warm place.

Jim Salmon:                      Mice are smarter than people.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah they are.

Jim Salmon:                      They know where they wanna be.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      And they know how to get in there.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Especially if you live in a wooded area or you’re out a little bit, doesn’t necessarily mean that’s the only time, but they’ll get in. You just can’t stop that.

Peter Schick :                    Like we discussed in our previous episode, the one where we talked about common household pests. This is usually the time where you start to hear about, “Oh, the mice are coming in. Oh, this and that.” It’s usually the mice, that I’ve heard, unless you’ve heard other things. Once it start’s getting cold …

Jim Salmon:                      Chipmunks, squirrels, bats, they all want to be warm, and it’s you versus them a lot of times. Baiting, traps, machine guns … As far as I’m concerned, you’re mowing them down by the thousands, and don’t send me any PETA email, but still.

Peter Schick :                    I’m gonna send you PETA emails now.

Jim Salmon:                      Just the heck of it.

Peter Schick :                    Now I’m gonna do that. I’ll put you on their email list.

Jim Salmon:                      Now do you have a fireplace in your house?

Peter Schick :                    Yes.

Jim Salmon:                      Gas?

Peter Schick :                    No, wood.

Jim Salmon:                      Oh, okay, good. Good for you.

Peter Schick :                    It has that old fashioned feel. I like that smell, especially when it’s a cold day out, you smell the fire burning …

Jim Salmon:                      Just puts you in a good mood.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah it does. It does.

Jim Salmon:                      Unfortunately they all need to be cleaned and maintained properly.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah they do.

Jim Salmon:                      I was in a house this morning, actually, doing a home inspection, and there was a gas log in the fireplace. It was a wood burning fireplace, but they had put a gas log in there, which many people do because they don’t wanna deal with the wood. And I look up in there, and that chimney is loaded with [inaudible 00:04:58].

Well first of all, that’s dumb on a couple of levels, because spend an extra couple hundred bucks, have your chimney cleaned before you put a gas log in there, so then over the next hundred years, all that stuff isn’t falling down in your nice gas log. Chimney fires, if you’ve ever been through a chimney fire, that’s a nasty thing, and they take off like a rocket.

Peter Schick :                    That’s something I really don’t wanna be … Have ever happen to me.

Jim Salmon:                      I remember coming home one night from work, I used to be in the home center business, so I closed the doors at nine o’clock at night and then it takes a half hour to get all the money put away in the safe, and then I’d drive home for an hour.

So I got home one night, I don’t know, eleven o’clock, and the house across the street had flames shooting out of the chimney 20 feet in the air. You know what’s going on [inaudible 00:05:46] banging on the door, chimney fire.

Fire department comes, the second they put water on that, the whole thing just went [inaudible 00:05:54] all the way down. You could see this crack from the top to the bottom. It was amazing.

Peter Schick :                    Oh jeez. That’s one of the things with maintenance with chimneys, especially of those of us who live further up north is the freezing of the water in the [inaudible 00:06:10] and everything starts making those cracks. That just extenuates it even more. That temperature difference, that temperature change, and how much you gotta look out for the smaller version of that, ’cause that’s just yearly maintenance.

Jim Salmon:                      The guys and gals that sell gas logs, gas fireplaces, they tell you that these things are very low maintenance, and they don’t put out any soot. All of those things are not correct. They put out soot, they require yearly maintenance.

We have a gas fireplace, free-standing fireplace in my sun room that’s called the Tree of Life. It has open glass on three sides, so …

Peter Schick :                    Oh, I know the one you’re talking about.

Jim Salmon:                      Beautiful, reflects through the glass in the sun room, so I love it, but it’s on all the time, and so I have it cleaned at least once a year. Sometimes I’ll even clean it in the February area,’cause it’s not going since October.

So anyway, the bottom line is, gas appliances all need to be cleaned and maintained periodically. If you’re in the heating business, you can do your own fireplace. If you’re not, you hire a ton. Fireplace companies can do it, your general heating contractor, a lot of those type folks will do it, and some appliance contractors will clean and maintain a gas log.

And then there’s the goofy stuff. The corn stove, the [crosstalk 00:07:34]

Peter Schick :                    The pellet stove, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      I’ve had two pellet stoves in my life. Both of them I wanted to drag out into the backyard and shoot with a double barreled shotgun. The first one was horrible. It had to be-

Peter Schick :                    I’ve never worked with a pellet stove, so you need to educate me a little on this.

Jim Salmon:                      What happens, is you buy bags of pellets, and you pour it in this hopper thing, and then there’s this stainless steel auger deal that feeds it into the burning chamber, and you can set it for how much flame you want and whatever you’re supposed to do that. Well they get clogged up, the pellets are very susceptible to moisture, so you have to get good pellets and you have to store it properly, and sometimes the ash will build up in the front and the whole thing just smothers itself and goes out … It’s a mess.

Peter Schick :                    I’m a pretty simple guy, and I don’t understand … What would be the advantage to getting a pellet fireplace over just having a regular wood burning, simple …

Jim Salmon:                      When you get one that works, and works well, they’re wonderful. They put out a ton of heat …

Peter Schick :                    Oh, so they’re more efficient in terms of heat creation.

Jim Salmon:                      Yep. If you buy your pellets right, you buy a pellet, or pellets during the summertime when they’re three bucks a bag instead of five, or whatever they are … But if you get a good pellet stove that works, that only has to be cleaned maybe once a month, it’s a win, and you can vent them anywhere. They vent right out the side wall, usually.

Peter Schick :                    Interesting, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s not without maintenance, but I had two that were horrible. And I think the research and development in the modern ones are a lot better now, and I would hope so.

Peter Schick :                    Nice.

Jim Salmon:                      But I was scared to death of them and I’ll never have another one, so …

Peter Schick :                    I almost feel like I’m making it too complicated if I get a pellet one. It’s like, “You know what? This thing burns wood, it works, and I know what is, and I don’t need to go buy this pellet of wood. I got a backyard that has some of it in it,” so there you go. I just try to keep it as simple as possible.

Jim Salmon:                      We were talking this morning about, or this afternoon or tonight or whatever day it is … We’re talking about how to prepare your house for winter. Now if we were in the spring, we’re talking about what damage happened to the top of the chimney over the winter time.

Peter Schick :                    The expansion of water [crosstalk 00:09:55]

Jim Salmon:                      Pu that on the list, too. If you haven’t checked your chimney, the top of the outside part of the chimney this year since last winter, check it now, because winter time can really accelerate frost damage, especially if you have lots of cracks in your chimney crown, and bricks that are loose and that kind of stuff.

Peter Schick :                    Just generally it’s gonna extenuate any sort of damage that’s already there. Whether it’s for your asphalt if there’s already smaller cracks, you can guess if you don’t have it sealed or something else, there’s probably gonna be larger cracks by the end of winter.

Jim Salmon:                      Absolutely.

Peter Schick :                    That’s one of those things that you wanna take care of before it starts getting too cold, and usually this time here up in New York state, that’s the time to really deal with it.

Jim Salmon:                      A lot of people have what are called foundation vents. They might have a crawl space that’s not an every day accessible area, and they have these little vents in there, and you loosen the screw and you can open or close the vent.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, leaving the vent open in the winter time is not sound thinking, so pay attention to that, make sure they’re closed. A lot of people don’t even operate those things, they’ve been closed for years, they didn’t even know that they could be opened. Any time you’re letting zero degree air into your crawl space area where there’s pipes and whatever, it’s not a good thing.

Peter Schick :                    Not good, yeah. Not good at all.

Jim Salmon:                      Stay out of that.

Then there’s the whole list of maintenance things to get ready to fight the bad weather. Snow plows, lubricating this, putting new gas in there, new spark plugs, all that, get all the equipment ready.

Every year I buy a new metal … I spend like 30 bucks on it, a new metal snow shovel. Now we have snow here, and if you’re listening to this podcast-

Peter Schick :                    I got one of those big … It’s like a silver, it’s like aluminum, it’s like the huge shovel. I’ve had that for a while, I have two of them now, but I’ve been thinking about actually upgrading to a snow blower, actually getting a snow blower.

Jim Salmon:                      Oh I think you should.

Peter Schick :                    I think right now is the time to do it. It’s still August. I think you could probably get a decent price. If there’s a blackout, you don’t wanna buy a generator when there’s a blackout when everybody’s trying to get them. You wanna get it before it actually happens, and have it ready to go.

Jim Salmon:                      Good point.

Now those of you that, maybe you live in the northeast where it’s a little cooler and you have a summer home in Utah or Florida …

Peter Schick :                    We have a lot of snow birds up here.

Jim Salmon:                      You’re somewhat transient, you spend the beautiful summers up here on the finger lakes and then you head down there where you don’t have to deal with snow, and you have a house here that, okay, do I heat my house or do I not? Maybe I’m gone five months, do I heat it?

Well if you have a house that was built, say, after the 1950’s where it’s pretty much exclusively drywall … Drywall doesn’t like temperatures below 55. Lot of cracking takes place when it gets cold like that. If you have fine furniture and baby grand pianos … Cold weather takes its toll on some of that stuff.

Peter Schick :                    You also have to take into consideration how warmer you’re gonna keep it. Are you gonna keep it at 45, are you gonna keep it in the 60’s, there’s obvious concerns with that in terms of utility bill …

Jim Salmon:                      My opinion is 55 degrees. I think that’s a good …

There are some houses where they’re older or they’re all wood inside, a log home, that people say, “You know what? I’m not gonna heat my house. I’m going away for five months. I’m going to hire a plumber and have it all winterized, and then I’ll give the plumber the key, and I’ll call him two weeks before I’m coming back, have him fire everything back up …”

The only risk on that, is … Some things don’t like cold temperatures, like we said, but it is … You can’t do that if you have a hydranic heating system. You have a boiler system, you can’t do that. Full of water, so you need to keep that up and running.

Anybody that goes away for the winter should somehow try to figure out how to keep their house looking like somebody’s there.

Peter Schick :                    I agree. [crosstalk 00:14:04]

For security purposes, too. Not only for that, but, yeah, you don’t wanna be an easy target.

Jim Salmon:                      I think they have all these fancy new, and the technology changes about every week, all these fancy new alarm systems, and devices that’ll call your cell phone …

Peter Schick :                    If somebody’s at the door, or something like that, but that also means you need to keep the power on there. There are some secondary considerations for that, ’cause a lot of those are operating on the internet, you need to have that going the entire time, which means now you have to pay the bill for that, which means now you gotta have another thing running, and so there’s other considerations for those different security systems. You do have smart homes out there.

Jim Salmon:                      If you have an older furnace and you go away in the winter time, it’s imperative that you have a heating contractor come and do normal maintenance on it several weeks before you leave. I can’t tell you how many times people will hire somebody come and clean it, the next day they leave for Florida, something went wrong, and next thing you know the furnace is off.

Peter Schick :                    And now pipes are bursting.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, and those scenarios are not good.

Peter Schick :                    No, they’re not.

Jim Salmon:                      You should always turn the water off, drain everything down if you don’t need water supply. Like I said, if you have a hot water boiler, you can’t do that, but if you have a regular forced air heating system, then you just shut the water off and daring it down.

Chances are, if all the heat went off in your house, chances are that the incoming water service, which is down eight feet in the ground coming into your basement would not freeze, unless it got over the top crazy with …

One of the worse things that can happen to people is you go away to Florida, you come back, and there was a squirrel in your house, and it lived there, five months it lived there. It found the walnuts in the-

Peter Schick :                    In the kitchen pantry.

Jim Salmon:                      In your baking cabinet. It’s horrible.

Peter Schick :                    That would not be a surprise. You’d come home, okay, back up here [crosstalk 00:16:11] opened your cabinet, and a squirrel’s [crosstalk 00:16:14]

Jim Salmon:                      They took your five thousand dollar couch that you love, and they ripped all the stuffing out of it to make nests.

Peter Schick :                    Did this happen to you or did you hear about it?

Jim Salmon:                      No, this is the things that I’ve actually witnessed in my life.

Make your house unattractive to pests. You shouldn’t …

I was in a house this morning that the dampers been open. The people have lived there for 14 years. It’s a gas log fireplace since day one, and the dampers, you never shut-

Peter Schick :                    Oh, they kept it open.

Jim Salmon:                      Open all the time. And I’m thinking to myself, “14 heating seasons here in this part of New York state,” the furnaces are on from, what, October first let’s say, through the middle of April, right? Or maybe the end of April. So all the money that was pumped up that chimney with a forced air furnace because we just didn’t know that the damper was open.

Peter Schick :                    Yep, just little things like that add up over time.

Jim Salmon:                      Have a contingency plan for your house when you’re gone. The best thing to have, if you have a family member or a good trusted friend or neighbor that can go in once a week and just check stuff.

Peter Schick :                    I agree with that. You need that just to keep ahead of things, ’cause if you don’t, and you do say you have a pipe burst, or there is some critter in there, you could head it off at the pass before it could start becoming a real major issue.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, absolutely.

Peter Schick :                    That’s how I’d deal with it. I don’t have the privilege of being able to go down to Florida like a lot of other people do, but that’s how I would work [crosstalk 00:17:47]

Jim Salmon:                      Well you’re still young, you’re working on that.

Peter Schick :                    I’ll get there one of these days.

Jim Salmon:                      My wife and I are going to Hawaii coming up here in the next couple of months, and we’re going to Kauai.

Peter Schick :                    Where’s that?

Jim Salmon:                      I think it’s the big island.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      Kauai, whichever one that is.

Peter Schick :                    Kauai, maybe a place on the big island, maybe its own.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s 85 every day, that’s a win. By the time we go, it’ll be cold here, and all I’m gonna do is just sleep and take it all in. I can’t wait. I get yelled at by my wife all the time because I’ll walk into a place and I’m immediately looking up and she’ll yell at me, “Stop inspecting, we’re not inspecting.”

Peter Schick :                    You gotta turn it off, Jim.

You gotta take your mind off it and enjoy that beer on the beach.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s exactly right.

I am in the process of … Every other year or so, we go away for a couple weeks, but that’s usually about all. But still, there’s a lot going on at home.

Peter Schick :                    Who looks after your dogs when you do that?

Jim Salmon:                      Well, with have family members that move right in.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      And they stay there the whole time we’re there.

Peter Schick :                    We do a similar thing with us, ’cause that’s the main consideration is the pets. If we’re traveling somewhere like upstate New York or somewhere we’re driving, we’ll bring them along with. They’re fun to have along with. But if it’s, we’re flying somewhere, I’m not gonna deal with that. The dogs don’t wanna deal with being in a kennel in a plane and all that craziness. We’re gonna have friends or family come over, they stay at the place, and they walk the animals, and they pretty much have free rein in our house.

Jim Salmon:                      We have a rather unique ranch in western New York, you’ve been there. Everybody wants to go there and stay, so we don’t have a problem finding somebody to watch the place while we’re gone, so it’s all good.

I’ve always been a big advocate and really appreciated old cobblestone homes, and those of you that might be listening to this and as we discussed, prepping your house for fall and winter, is if you have a stone foundation, there’s lots of mortar joints there, a lot more than a concrete block or a board wall would be, and chunks of missing mortar, wind can blow all that way through that foundation all the way to the basement.

Peter Schick :                    The expansion of the ice would be the thing that really worries me with that, ’cause once you start getting a little crack, it’s gonna get bigger. You’re gonna have to take a look at that before it starts getting cold. You gotta put the mortar on that, let it dry, and take care of that before water has a chance to freeze, so you gotta do it while it’s still warm out.

Jim Salmon:                      My house is 150 something years old, and every year I have what I call a pointing party, and I get a few of my buddies over and we just go at it, mix up a bunch of mortar, and maybe we’ll do the front of the house this year and the next side …

Peter Schick :                    And you point out the different cracks, like, “Oh, heres an issue,” boom, take care of it.

Jim Salmon:                      I use it as an excuse to justify buying new tools, because …

Peter Schick :                    Or having a few beers with your buddies.

Jim Salmon:                      Oh yeah, that too. That goes without saying. But being able to buy new 20 volt ion technology [inaudible 00:21:15] cordless angle grinders, and [inaudible 00:21:18] and all that stuff, is wonderful. Well honey, I gotta have this.

Peter Schick :                    It’s funny, ’cause I actually used … I was tearing out a bathroom, and it had the surround was all … Beneath the tile, it had a bunch, it was concrete, so I was like, “Well how am I gonna get this?”

I got exactly that. I got the grinder to be able to help get that out with a diamond blade, and I was like, “yep, well, got another excuse to get another tool here.”

Jim Salmon:                      Especially if you’re into the whole do it yourself thing, and you flip houses and you’re in real estate, so you’re fairly handy, probably, is to get as many of the fun tools that make that job easier.

Peter Schick :                    Exactly, and you just acquire it over time. [inaudible 00:22:03] hold that in their back pocket, “Now I’m gonna use that grinder, I’m definitely gonna use it in the future. When? I don’t know, we’ll see.”

Jim Salmon:                      If you are unfortunate enough to have supply plumbing, and even some drain plumbing in an outside wall, that’s usually a mistake, and it’s …

Peter Schick :                    I’ve seen that. I’ve seen that with a washer that had the supply lines coming from the outside wall.

Jim Salmon:                      Frozen stiff.

Peter Schick :                    And it gets frozen. I have seen that time and time again.

Jim Salmon:                      Back in the day, well, what would the day be, back in the early 80’s, when we first bought our house, we’d just scraped up enough money just to buy the house, and it was, nowadays the trucks I buy are more than we paid for that house, but we didn’t have any money, we didn’t have any resources …

Peter Schick :                    You were gonna make it work.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, it was all different. But, I managed to scrape up enough money to buy a few tools and just start in mass and what I needed to put things together to make it happen, and then next thing you know, come down the line, I got people come over to borrow whatever they want ’cause they know I got it.

Peter Schick :                    Exactly. And you mass it over time, definitely.

Jim Salmon:                      I think if you’re going away for the winter, or just staying home but wanna prep your house, I think we pretty well covered all of that.

Peter Schick :                    Definitely have.

Jim Salmon:                      We do encourage emails here at the houseatwork.com Home Repair Clinic website, or podcast. So Peter’s gonna tell you what the email address is, if you’d like to make a suggestion, or a suggestion for a show, or a specific question.

Peter Schick :                    You can contact us at contactus, yeah that’s repetitive.

Jim Salmon:                      I love it.

Peter Schick : [email protected]

Jim Salmon:                      Alright folks, have a great time. Keep your house safe, and we’ll see you down the line for the next houseatwork.com podcast.

Ep 10: Roofing Considerations

House At Work Home Repair Clinic

In this episode, Jim and Peter discuss different types of roofing and considerations you should take for each.

Do you have a home improvement question? Email us at [email protected] and we will do our best to get it answered for you! Do you need help with a home improvement project and live in the upstate New York region? Go to www.houseatwork.com and click “Find Contractors“.

Jim Salmon:                      Hello everybody and welcome to the home repair capitol of the world. This is the houseatwork.com Home Repair Clinic Podcast. My name is Jim Salmon and you are …

Peter Schick :                    Peter Schick.

Jim Salmon:                      Good morning, or good afternoon, or good night.

Peter Schick :                    Good afternoon to you too Jim.

Jim Salmon:                      How are you?

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, good, good, good.

Jim Salmon:                      Today we’re gonna talk roofing, all things roofing. Everybody needs a roof if you live in a house.

Peter Schick :                    Yes you do.

Jim Salmon:                      There’s lots of different kinds, and we’ll go over the … maybe a little bit of how to hire a roofer, some of the things not to do, some of the things to do.

Peter Schick :                    Some common maintenance concerns as well that I know that you’ve definitely seen, and I’ve seen as well. Yeah, definitely the different types of roofs, too. Like what you would need, some of the considerations for that.

Jim Salmon:                      Part of what I do for a living is I’m a home inspector. You hire me to look in a house that you’re thinking of buying or whatever and write a report, whatever. But I also do a lot of workmanship investigation work. Unfortunately, roofing falls into that category a lot of times. So it’s important for the homeowners to be in control of the roof project, so you don’t wind up on the other end of something with an argument with your roofer and he’s already paid and all that. So we’ll get into that.

Peter Schick :                    Exactly. Now when you’ve had those workmanship investigations, what are some of the common things you’ve seen when it comes to roofs?

Jim Salmon:                      You mean problem wise?

Peter Schick :                    Yeah problem wise.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah. Oh gosh there’s so many.

The instillation of shingles is pretty much foolproof if you follow a few little rules. But it’s amazing how many people seem to screw it all up.

Peter Schick :                    They just slap them on there.

Jim Salmon:                      High nailing. Every shingle has, okay, this is where you nail. If you high nail, the wind blows the tabs off.

Peter Schick :                    Yep, exactly. So it doesn’t actually go into a board is what you’re saying, when you nail it in.

Jim Salmon:                      Right, exactly.

Peter Schick :                    Okay I’ve seen that.

Jim Salmon:                      Transitions to other roofing. Like a flat porch roof then now transitions into a three in one tab or an architectural shingle and they had no idea how to do it and it leaks like a sieve.

Peter Schick :                    I see.

Jim Salmon:                      Where lower roofs transition into siding is a big thing. Say you have wood shingles on your house now. Your house is built in the 20s or the 1900s and you have cedar shingles. In our part of the world here in New York State you can’t go over that. The code calls for it a removal, a complete removal. So you’re taking out a half an inch of cedar shingles and it might have two or three layers of asphalt on there. So you’re taking out two inches of roofing and you’re going back with a quarter of an inch of roofing. So now there’s this big giant gap in the siding. Those types of things are all supposed to be dealt with.

Peter Schick :                    Now I know rules, we have rules here in terms of how many layers you can have on roof.

Jim Salmon:                      Right. You can have two, can’t have three, and you can’t go over wood shingles under any circumstances except one, and that’s certain types of metal roofing.

Peter Schick :                    Oh I see. Yeah cause I’ve heard of metal roofs going over asphalt shingles and you can also have them go over those kind of shingles as well.

Jim Salmon:                      Right.

Peter Schick :                    That’s interesting.

Jim Salmon:                      The absolute skunks in the insurance industry, in the insurance lobby got together and said, “Hey, wood shingles are like a tinder, they catch fire, they add to insurance claims.”

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      “So we want the state of New York to take that out of there, we want them all ripped out.” Well, okay.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, I mean, well okay, what are you gonna do? The work’s already done.

Jim Salmon:                      Exactly, exactly.

Now most of the people, unfortunately in my opinion, most people are doing replacements with architectural asphalt shingles, which are a fiberglass mat with some oil on it and then some glue and some roof aggregate in various colors. It’s actually, architectural shingles are a laminated shingle. There’s another little piece on top of it glued down. It makes it look like the wood shake look. You can get those that look like slate and a bunch of different –

Peter Schick :                    Yeah I’ve seen actual slate roofs before.

Jim Salmon:                      Those are beautiful.

Peter Schick :                    They are. I can’t even imagine trying to install those, how that even works or how that even begins.

Jim Salmon:                      Each piece of slate has two holes in it. Each hole has a piece of copper wire, or a copper nail rivet looking type thing that goes through that and into the roof deck.

Peter Schick :                    Oh really?

Jim Salmon:                      So now, some of these roofs I’m on, and a rule of thumb is you don’t walk a slate roof, but some of them I’m on from the turn of the century or the 20s or whatever and all these copper rivets are now all worn cause they’ve been moving around.

Peter Schick :                    Oh jeez.

Jim Salmon:                      When a piece of slate comes off of a roof, and it’s [crosstalk 00:04:45]

Peter Schick :                    That’s a falling hazard.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s like hatchet, you know?

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      I’ve done some church work lately. We inspect churches too because the boards can’t ever get along cause they want everything to be free. So they hire somebody like me and I come in a help them sort it out. Well this one church had like a 9/12 pitch roof all slate, beautiful, beautiful, but it was right in the same plane as the sidewalk out front.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      So you get one of those things loose and it’s sliding down the roof –

Peter Schick :                    Yeah you have a big liability issue right there.

Jim Salmon:                      At a hundred miles an hour and it’s like, you know.

Anyway, slate is a thousand dollars a square right now. A square of roofing, and that’s how they measure roofing, is ten foot by ten foot. That’s one square roofing and that’s generally how it’s priced and whatever. So a thousand dollars just for a ten foot by ten foot section of slate.

Peter Schick :                    Oh wow.

Jim Salmon:                      Pretty cool.

Peter Schick :                    The thing with slate roofs too, I see that, and it makes me think that weighs so much more and that’s going to put so much more, I guess, it’s gonna take more of a toll on the structure itself just because of the weight that’s being put on that.

Jim Salmon:                      Pretty heavy.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      For years and years and years and years, one square of asphalt roofing weighed about 210-235 pounds, ten by ten section.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Slate, 800.

Peter Schick :                    Oh wow, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s a lot.

Peter Schick :                    That’s a significant difference there.

Jim Salmon:                      Sometimes on a slate roof I’ll find the rafters are a foot on center instead of 16. Or I’ll find that the roof decks beefed up to full three quarter tongue and groove or something like that rather than plywood or whatever.

Peter Schick :                    That would make a lot of sense to support that. Cause that’s a significant increase in weight right there.

Jim Salmon:                      One of the things that is making an inroad in the roofing business, especially in the Northeast is stone coated steel. Stone coated steel roof is a roof tile about the same size as an asphalt shingle, but it’s made out of an alloy, it’s called Galvalume. It’s a combination of galvanized steel and aluminum. They make them in various different patterns and looks: slate, flat shingle, shingle, rough hand split shingle type thing, but it’s all metal and it has roof aggregate on it. It has stones on it.

Peter Schick :                    Interesting.

Jim Salmon:                      The difference in that is that the stones don’t come off like they do on asphalt shingle. They don’t wind up in the gutter because there’s hardly ever any aggregate loss. Stone coated steel roofs are permanent. I mean, I don’t know, I’m 62, how old are you?

Peter Schick :                    I’m 34, so yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Even in your life, you’d never do another roof if you did it in stone coated steel.

Peter Schick :                    Definitely, well even a metal roof itself, that’s a complete lifetime piece. You’re never gonna have to replace that. Whereas with a lot of other roofs, once you start getting towards fifteen years, you gotta start looking for a replacement or doing some significant maintenance on that.

Jim Salmon:                      Anybody can install an asphalt roof and sometimes anybody does, but metal requires a little bit more artistry. It’s a … career isn’t the right word. It’s a … I’m not sure what the word is I’m looking for.

Peter Schick :                    It takes a little more talent.

Jim Salmon:                      Yes, it’s an art. Cause good metal roof installers were siding guys maybe in the past that took aluminum trim on a break, cause there’s a lot of that with a metal roof. But it’s definitely an art and once you learn it, it’s a great living, I mean, if you’re in the roofing business.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah, I believe it. I guess my concern is, say if I am a metal roofer and obviously there’s a big difference between … My value propositions big, where it’s like, “Okay, I do a metal roof and it’s going to last you a lifetime.” That’s a huge value proposition. But there’s also a large increase in price in that as well.

Jim Salmon:                      There is and that’s the drawback. But, now plug in a couple of things into the scenario. Let’s just say for the sake of it, your asphalt roof is $10,000. You’ve got a 2,500 square foot house and you gotta little couple of valleys or whatever. It’s ten grand. So if you have two layers it’s a tear off, so you’ve gotta go in and tear it off and then replace the roof. With stone coated steel it’s gonna be 18 to 22,000, so it’s twice that.

Now, one scenario would be is, say a roof over at your house is going to be ten thousand, but if, okay I have one layer of wood shingles and another layer of asphalt, you can’t go over the wood shingles, so now it’s a tear off. Then there’s a gap between the boards there so we have to deck it with wafer board or plywood. So now we’re into the 14-5 range. So now that you don’t have to do that tear off of the wood shingles with metal, so now the stone coated steel at 18 is like, “Wow, I can have a permanent roof that I don’t have to do in twenty years.” You know? That’s just-

Peter Schick :                    That’s definitely a big consideration, it’s really, how long am I going to be living in this place is probably the biggest concern. If it’s like, “Hey I’m going to live here til I’m old and gray and I die.” Okay then makes sense. Might as well get a metal roof. Or it’s, “Okay, I don’t necessarily have the … If I have the money on hand to be able to do it, okay that’d be a consideration.” But, yeah. I think those are probably the two differences.

Well, I’d also say it’s also kind of a stylistic kind of thing, whether you actually like the metal roof. I think a lot of people do like the kind of traditional shingle look. If you’re in some neighborhoods, maybe it doesn’t look right to have a metal roof. I could see if I had a cabin or something it would make a lot of sense, you know most of those do have metal roofs and stuff.

Jim Salmon:                      Well, you know what, it’s all about the money.

Peter Schick :                    It is. It boils down to that at the end of the day as far as I’m concerned.

Jim Salmon:                      A lot of people are not staying in their houses as much as they were years and years ago. People are transient. They move and whatever or they move up.

Peter Schick :                    Yep. They upgrade to another house. Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      But there is a good selling point when you sell your house. You have a stone coated steel cause nobody ever has to worry about a roof again.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Which is a good thing. I think that investing in a metal roof, by the time you add up the 10,000 that you’re spending on the asphalt roof and you have to do it again in 20 years, so now it’s at 20,000. It’s not unusual to have people live in a house for twenty years.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah, that isn’t. Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      So now you’re up to what stone coated steel would be.

Peter Schick :                    Exactly.

Jim Salmon:                      Especially if you’re like me. I’m 62 now and I’m doing all my roofs in stone coated steel, when I’m 85 I don’t want to mess with roofs.

Peter Schick :                    Exactly, you’re not at the age where you want to have to deal with that. You’re gonna be retired Jim Salmon doing his thing, you know?

Jim Salmon:                      That’s right.

So a few things to kind of be careful about when you’re hiring a roof project, the number one thing is stay in control of the money.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Now, in our area there are many companies out there that don’t charge anything upfront.

Peter Schick :                    You shouldn’t. This circles back to our episode about finding a contractor.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah.

Peter Schick :                    Where you’ll have these guys where it’s like, “Oh I need all the money up front.” No. That is big, huge. That is the red flag.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s right.

Peter Schick :                    If people get anything out of anything we say, they can ignore everything else we say, but if a contractor asks for all up front, go the other direction.

Jim Salmon:                      We have this thing going on this week down in Texas with hurricane Harvey.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      One of the things, my own personal policy that I learned a long time ago was, I never buy anything at all from what I call a storm chaser, somebody that comes to the door.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Driveway sealer, roofing, painting, barn painters, I just don’t deal with that. If you don’t deal with somebody coming to the door, it’s a win for you because you’re never going to get in trouble. You have to go out and find your own contractor, get plenty of estimates on things you’re doing, be in control of the money and –

Peter Schick :                    Totally agree with that.

That’s actually, we had issues with individuals who were putting asphalt, or sealing driveways. That was one thing I’ve seen a lot or I’ve heard a lot around here. Individuals like, “Hey, we got some tar left, we’ll do it for this cut rate price and give me it all up front,” and then they never do it kind of deal.

Jim Salmon:                      I wish I had a dollar for every time somebody came up to me and said, “Oh I’ve got a bad roof, my roofer, I paid this guy and he put it on, it’s horrible, can you come over and look at it.” I get there and, “Oh wow, what happened here?” “Well, I hired a handyman to do a roofing job. Guy was pretty handy, said he’s done roofs before.” Okay, this is where the system broke down.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      Experience gets you two things, it gets you a professionally looking roof and it gets it done in timely fashion.

Peter Schick :                    It gets it done right the first time, too.

Jim Salmon:                      I wish I had another dollar for every time somebody says they’ve been working on this roof for four weeks.

Peter Schick :                    Four weeks.

Jim Salmon:                      Craziness.

Peter Schick :                    Four weeks.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s nuts.

Peter Schick :                    I can’t imagine what would take four weeks.

Jim Salmon:                      I was on a roof job, workmanship investigation last week and the back of the house, a big old gable roof, and the back one roofer in the roof crew, one guy started on the right hand side, another guys started on the left hand side and when they met in the middles they were weaving the shingles together. So it looks like the head of a dinosaur coming down the middle.

Peter Schick :                    Oh boy.

Jim Salmon:                      I mean like a ridge. It’s horrible.

Peter Schick :                    A ridge in the center. Oh no.

Jim Salmon:                      Just don’t hire somebody … I mean handymen are good and they can replace a lock here and there –

Peter Schick :                    I think a lot of homeowners, their main incentive for going the handyman route, it’s like you said, it’s all about the money. It’s like, “Oh I’m gonna do it for half the price.” We also talked about that correlation between a quality and price. There’s always that, “Hey you’re not gonna pay a lot but you’re gonna get …” If you don’t pay a lot, you’re not gonna get a lot of quality.

Jim Salmon:                      You’re a professional real estate person and you know the worst of the worst deals are where a family member is selling something else to a family member.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      The same thing goes with roofing.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      When it comes to installing a roof, having Uncle Joe do it at half-price or, “Oh my kid needs the work, can he do it?” and whatever. It’s always screwed up, it’s always a mess, and now you’re dealing with family member versus family member.

Peter Schick :                    Now you got all these emotions involved and everything else. No, I’ve heard that story plenty of times too. Plenty of times.

Jim Salmon:                      You know, there are some advertising gimmicks that go along with the roofing business sometimes. “We have this special thing that lifts the shingles up.” Or, “We do it this way.” Or whatever, I mean, “These shingles we use are the ones that are on the White House.”

So you have to be careful for the gimmick things, cause some of those larger companies, you end up paying a lot more than you need to just because the overhead, that fancy bucket thing they’re lifting the shingles up with costs 80 grand and now you have to get more money for it.

Peter Schick :                    One thing I have seen also is financing for a lot of roofing projects. I’ve heard about that as well and I guess to a certain extent that can make some sense, if you are short on cash, but in the long term, it’s probably going to cost you a lot more.

Jim Salmon:                      Lot more.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah. Cause they’re making their interest on that. I’ve seen that a bunch of times with some of the bigger roofers, honestly, I see with that, but I’m always a bit skeptical. I’d always look into the terms with that. It’s like, what kind of interest rate are you charging?

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah. Check that all out.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, cause if it’s like, only 20 dollars a month you’ve got to pay us for this brand new roof. How long am I going to be paying this off? Like 20 years? You know?

Jim Salmon:                      Some of the mistakes homeowners make when they’re hiring a roofer is not taking them up in the attic and letting them look around up there and saying, there’s no cracked rafters here.

Cause you know what? They pick up those bundles and they walk them down to the edge of the roof and they throw them down on the roof deck. Once in a while there’s a cracked rafter of a split out hunk of roof deck or whatever. So then it’s always a, well, pissing match between the homeowner and the roofer. “Oh that was there before.” You know, so if you take the roofer up there and say, “Okay look, no cracked rafters.” Also discuss with them about clean-up. You know, where does the –

Peter Schick :                    That definitely –

Jim Salmon:                      Clean-up every day or after the job’s over?

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, coordination of cleanup, but also if you’re tearing off, where are you gonna put that dumpster, throwing things down. If you’re going to be having your family and stuff walking around, these guys are going to have to be considerate of where they’re throwing all of these shingles and all of these boarded nails and everything else. Yeah, the clean-up piece with that. There’s gonna be nails and other things that they’re gonna have to … Just one of those things that has to be covered in the very beginning.

Jim Salmon:                      I think we might have talked about this before in another broadcast, but roofers are notoriously tough on gutters, fascias, siding, bushes, ground cover, plants and whatever. So the chronology of things should be, before you do siding projects, before you do gutter projects, you should always do the roof as close to first as you can. Actually, you do any chimney work first, then the roof, then anything down below.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, kind of work your way, start at the top, work your way down.

Jim Salmon:                      It’s kind of heartbreaking sometimes when you have a nice new gutter system and then when the roof replacement is over with it’s all scythed up and there’s holes in it. It looks like [crosstalk 00:18:08].

Peter Schick :                    It’s like getting your driveway sealed or getting it paved or something and that being the first things, it doesn’t make sense, that’s like one of those things that you do last. It’s the same thing with flooring, you don’t want to put this beautiful flooring in and now they have to tear down a bunch of walls and do all this other work and now you just caused all these other secondary and tertiary issues because you didn’t do the order of operations correctly.

Jim Salmon:                      Now I have it on good authority that coming in the future are roof shingles that have solar panels in them.

Peter Schick :                    I’ve already heard of that. That’s already here. Future is here Jim.

Jim Salmon:                      Yep. Future’s here.

You’re younger than I am so take it away. No I mean, I think that eventually there will be new houses built with solar panel roof shingles all connected into a central –

Peter Schick :                    Like battery hub.

Jim Salmon:                      System within the house, a battery hub or in our area they use smart meters and my solar panels go back int through the meter.

Peter Schick :                    I would even take it a step further. I would say not only the shingles, would those be solar powered, but even your windows. Where like the light going through helps power your house and the windows. That’s already something that I think already exists, I think it’s just a matter of getting the cost down. I think that’s how it is with those solar paneled shingles. It’s, okay it’s at the very beginning, it’s at the infancy of its existence.

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah, right now they’re 25 bucks a piece.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, a shingle. Now they have to kind of work down the price to where it’s like accessible not to just super rich people but everyday folks who can actually use that.

The other issue with that is actually integrating that now with your own house. Say if I wanted to have these solar powered shingles, I mean what I need to have a battery system. I know you, do you have any solar powered stuff? I mean –

Jim Salmon:                      I bought an 8kW solar powered system on a building that I have, on my play barn.

Peter Schick :                    Oh, okay.

Jim Salmon:                      Man cave extraordinaire. Mm, mm, mm. It generates about $950 worth of electricity a year. It’s not connected to a battery system, it’s not like that. It generates power and it feeds it back into the grid.

Peter Schick :                    Oh.

Jim Salmon:                      So I get credit for it.

Peter Schick :                    Okay your grid’s connected.

Jim Salmon:                      I get credit from the utility at cost, not at what the delivery and the retail price would be, but it is –

Peter Schick :                    Okay that kind of integration seems much, much more easier than say if it was an off grid situation where it’s like, okay I have my solar powered roof and now I have to store it in the batteries and everything else. Okay.

Jim Salmon:                      Almost anywhere in the country can be profitable for solar. Now, I know there’s a lot of politics on it right now cause it’s subsidized like crazy and mine was subsidized and whatever. Okay, so maybe eventually it will get to the point where it’s not quite that bad.

Germany has the largest percentage of solar power in the world.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Their climate is worse than ours as far as clouds and rain and so forth. In this part of New York –

Peter Schick :                    They have it on almost every roof there.

Jim Salmon:                      Right, right.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      So it’s viable here, we just need to figure out how to make it as cost effective.

Peter Schick :                    I think it’s viable at scale. Yeah. Once you start getting scale it’s kind of a chicken or egg thing. It’s okay, well it becomes much more viable when everybody has it, but how do you get everybody to have it if it’s really expensive kind of deal.

Jim Salmon:                      I went over to, where was it, Ireland, last year. Went to this one place and there’s a guy up on a thatched roof and it was straw, and he’s taking it and he’s building this roof. I’m thinking to myself, “Wow, the three little pigs would love this one.”

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Cause it … in the 80 mile an hour wind we had here in march in our part of the world here, there would be nothing left there.

Peter Schick :                    There’d be nothing. I’d be concerned –

Jim Salmon:                      There wouldn’t be one single straw.

Peter Schick :                    I’d be concerned if somebody was like having a fire or something, or somebody like flicked a cigarette and it accidentally got up there and now it’s like, “Aw geez.” Yeah, gone.

Jim Salmon:                      You know, a couple of things too about hiring roofers. We live in this world where the lawyers are coming out of the woodwork. I mean, you know, where’s that ambulance. I shouldn’t be like that. Shoot all lawyers except mine.  [crosstalk 00:22:28]

Peter Schick :                    You would say that, you would say that Jim.

Jim Salmon:                      So here’s the thing. People sue people for anything. Somebodies working on your house and he’s got a kid helper, right?

Peter Schick :                    Mm-hmm (affirmative)

Jim Salmon:                      And its not his own kind but he’s a kid helper and he’s up on the roof and he falls off and he breaks his leg. Or worse, right? If that person isn’t in the system, and in particular in New York State, there’s workman comp laws in roofing. I mean you pay through the nose to be a roofer you’ve got to be properly insured.

Peter Schick :                    The thing is with a lot of those roofers they don’t necessarily say they’re roofers a lot of the time because of that insurance, because the insurance premiums they have to pay.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s right, that’s absolutely right.

So he falls off and oftentimes the homeowners liable. “Oh my gosh the gutter was too loose, or the whatever, you made an unsafe environment, and now I want X.” There’s always a lawyer out there wanting to take that kind of stuff.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah, the injury law, yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      Making sure that whoever works on your house has a certificate of insurance and workman’s comp is just good practice. Now, because I’m inherently skeptical on everything, I don’t trust anybody, whatever, because that’s what I do for a living is figure these things out. I will always call the insurance company. Somebody can give you a certificate, which they got in 1993 and they just whited out the number, made the date, and put in another copy of it, and handed to the homeowner. I always call the insurance company. Now they’re not gonna tell you the specifics because that’s none of your business, but they will verify that yes, he has –

Peter Schick :                    If indeed they have that.

Jim Salmon:                      He has in place an active insurance. So it’s just worth doing. Just to stay out of trouble.

Peter Schick :                    I agree, I agree. I’ve heard all sorts of stories with that where a roofer may say they have insurance but it’s insurance for a landscaper, because landscaping insurance is very low, very low premium that has to get paid. Whereas with the roofers, it’s significantly higher.

Jim Salmon:                      Everything’s 20 feet down.

Peter Schick :                    Yep. That’s right. If you fall, you’re breaking something more than likely.

Jim Salmon:                      So you know, stay in complete control of that.

This year has been a wet year.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      I mean off the charts for us. So many roofing projects going on. I mean, the roofers are just blasted with work.

Peter Schick :                    They are. Actually, they’re super busy.

Jim Salmon:                      Because of these winds we’re having.

Peter Schick :                    They’re actually, I’m still hearing about guys who are still doing projects from that windstorm, and that windstorm was what? Five months ago?

Jim Salmon:                      Yeah.

Peter Schick :                    There’s still work being done with that. I still see tarps on top of some of the houses here.

Jim Salmon:                      That’s the key, right there. I was on a house the other day that had so much massive dry wall damage, water coming out of the light fixtures, cause the guy was doing a tear off, he got way ahead of himself, there wasn’t enough people there, the tarps weren’t readily available when the downpour came, and then next thing you know there’s all kinds of … You want to have that conversation up front, especially if they’re doing a tear off on your roof.

Peter Schick :                    Oh yeah.

Jim Salmon:                      You want to make sure that they have some tarps, they don’t have to run over to the big box and get tarps when it’s pouring rain.

Peter Schick :                    Go to Home Depot, get tarps, then do that. You want to try to be a proactive as you can with a that. That’s definitely something that’s foreseeable. It’s not like, “Oh jeez, you know, what am I going to do once the roof is torn off?” No, you gotta be able to have that plan in place. Gotta know what you’re doing with that.

Jim Salmon:                      When you do a roof tear off, you find where you didn’t get it done before. You find where the leaks were, you find where the carpenter ants got in. Oftentimes there’s roof deck plywood or even tongue and groove that’s all rotted and you can’t put a new roof on that.

Peter Schick :                    No you can’t, that’s gonna have to be replaced.

Jim Salmon:                      You have to pull that out of there and replace it.

Peter Schick :                    Yep.

Jim Salmon:                      So on most roofing written estimates, is how much per sheet of plywood if we have to replace that stuff. Now I was in a house, this lady called me she said, “I don’t know about this. They said they used 54 sheets of plywood and that’s at 50 bucks a sheet. That’s another 1000 dollars.”

Peter Schick :                    Wow. 50 sheets, wait? How big are these sheets?

Jim Salmon:                      Well they’re four foot by eight foot.

Peter Schick :                    Okay, that’s pretty big, that’s pretty big.

Jim Salmon:                      54 sheets. She said, “Can you come over and look.” So I climb up there and I’m in the attic with my little piece of chalk and I mark off all the new sheets cause you can see them.

Peter Schick :                    Yeah, you can look right at it.

Jim Salmon:                      19 sheets.

Peter Schick :                    Oh jeez.

Jim Salmon:                      19 sheets. So I said to the roofing contractor, “Alright, where do we come up with 54?” “Oh, I don’t know, that must have been a mistake.” Well yeah, that was a big mistake, 25 extra hundred dollars or whatever it is on top of that cause you’re putting in all –

Peter Schick :                    Yeah you’re paying, now this homeowner is paying for supplies that aren’t even being used on their house.

Jim Salmon:                      Absolutely. Right. That’s a lot of money.

Peter Schick :                    That is. That’s a lot of money.

Jim Salmon:                      So anyway, the bottom line is, stay in control of things, use your head. If that little devil pops up on your shoulder, move onto another roofer guys. Get plenty of estimates, don’t pay a lot of money down, and stay in control.

Peter Schick :                    Exactly. [crosstalk 00:27:26]

Jim Salmon:                      Have we exhausted this subject?

Peter Schick :                    I think we have.

Jim Salmon:                      Alright.

Peter Schick :                    I think we have.

Jim Salmon:                      Folks I’d like to take this opportunity, on behalf of Peter Schick and yours truly, Jim Salmon, thank you for joining us for this houseatwork.com Home Repair Clinic Podcast. We’ll see you right down the road for the next one. Stay tuned.